DUBROVNIK DIGEST >> Natural sights
Natural sights >> Caves
Đurovića Cave covers an area of 9000 square metres and is located under the runway of Dubrovnik airport. Its icicles are still changing, particularly spectacular is the large hall named the Dubrovnik Republic Hall. In summer the temperature inside the cave is only 16 degrees so it is very pleasant to visit during high temperatures. Archaeological artefacts found at the site date back to the Bronze and Iron Ages. During the war, the cave was used as a shelter. Djurovic cave today is a great attraction for tourists.
Vjetrenica Cave is not located in Croatia (see map), but in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It's not far from Dubrovnik (40 kilometres). With its large corridors and halls, stalactites, waterfalls, streams, lakes and other magical beauty, it has become a top tourist attraction and is the most famous cave of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The strong air flow at the entrance is where it got its name. Some 37 endemic animal species were first found right here. Interestingly, the skeleton of a leopard was also found in the cave. If you like this kind of natural phenomena, we certainly recommend a visit to this unique piece of nature.
Vela Cave is located near Vela Luka on the island of Korcula. Prehistoric man lived in it and many artefacts have been found there. Part of the find dates back to13,500 BC and human activity in the cave is recorded as far back as 20,000 years BC. The cave was inhabited all through the centuries, among the objects found were two adult skeletons which were given the names Baba (Grandma) and Dida (Grandad). Archaeological remains from this site are on display at the Cultural Centre in Vela Luka. The famous magzineNational Geographic published an article about Vela Cave. The cave is open for visitors and it is not hard to reach as the route is signposted.
Nakovana Cave is located on the peninsula of Pelješac, above Orebić, not far from the road hikers use to reach the top of St. Elijah. It was discovered only recently and is important because the Illyrians used it as a sacred site. They came here to pray to the forces of nature to make their life easier. They were staying in the cave more than 6000 years ago. The cave was later used by the Greeks and Romans whose many remains, such as pottery, can be found here. Although the cave has great archaeological value, it ahs not been commercially exploited. The only people who stop by are mountaineers. Some of the artefacts from the Nakovana Cave are kept in the Rector's Palace in Ston.